An Association Between a Variation in the Prostate Stem Cell Antigen Gene and Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer in White Individuals.
Gastrointestinal Research Group, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.
BACKGROUND & AIMS: An association between gastric cancer and the rs2294008 (C>T) polymorphism in the prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) gene has been reported for several Asian populations. We set out to determine whether such an association exists in white individuals.
METHODS: We genotyped 166 relatives of gastric cancer patients, including 43 Helicobacter pylori-infected subjects with hypochlorhydria and gastric atrophy, 65 infected subjects without these abnormalities, 58 H pylori-negative relatives, and 100 population controls. Additionally, a population-based study of chronic atrophic gastritis provided 533 cases and 1054 controls. We then genotyped 2 population-based, case-control studies of upper gastrointestinal cancer: the first included 312 gastric cancer cases and 383 controls; the second included 309 gastric cancer cases, 159 esophageal cancer cases, and 211 controls. Odds ratios were computed from logistic models and adjusted for confounding variables.
RESULTS: Carriage of the risk allele (T) of rs2294008 in PSCA was associated with chronic atrophic gastritis (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-1.9) and noncardia gastric cancer (OR, 1.9; 95% CI: 1.3-2.8). The association was strongest for the diffuse histologic type (OR, 3.2; 95% CI: 1.2-10.7). An inverse association was observed between carriage of the risk allele and gastric cardia cancer (OR, 0.5; 95% CI: 0.3-0.9), esophageal adenocarcinoma (OR, 0.5; 95% CI: 0.3-0.9), and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OR, 0.4; 95% CI: 0.2-0.9).
CONCLUSIONS: The rs2294008 polymorphism in PSCA increases the risk of noncardia gastric cancer and its precursors in white individuals but protects against proximal cancers.
Copyright © 2011 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PMID: 21070776 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]